Munich School of Ancient Philosophy

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adamsonmusaph Peter Adamson was previously Professor of Philosophy at King’s College, London. He has published on Aristotle, Plotinus, al-Farabi and other members of the Baghdad School, Avicenna, and Averroes. A special focus of research is the output of the translation circle of al-Kindi, on which he has written The Arabic Plotinus: a Philosophical Study of the "Theology of Aristotle" (Duckworth, 2002) and Great Medieval Thinkers: al-Kindi (OUP, 2007) He is also editor or co-editor of  several books, including The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy (2004) and Philosophy, Science and Exegesis in Greek, Arabic and Latin Commentaries (Institute for Classical Studies, 2004). Website
primavesimusaph Oliver Primavesi Website
chrapp Christof Rapp studied philosophy, ancient Greek, logic and philosophy of science in Tübingen and Munich. He obtained his doctorate at LMU, Munich in 1993 and completed his Habilitation in Tübingen in 2000. After that, he took up the Chair for Ancient and Contemporary Philosophy at HU-Berlin, where he was also co-director of the TOPOI excellence cluster. Since 2009, he has held the Chair for Ancient Philosophy and Rhetoric at LMU, where he is also academic director of the Center for Advanced Studies. Christof Rapp has written books on the identity and persistence of substance, the presocratics, Aristotle and Epicurus. He has published a translation and commentary of Aristotle’s Rhetoric and (with Tim Wagner) a translation with introduction of Aristotle’s Topics. In addition, he has published articles throughout ancient philosophy, as well as edited several anthologies and handbooks. Website

Additional Faculty and Researchers

anagnostopoulosmusaph Andreas Anagnostopoulos received his B.A. (Philosophy, Mathematics) and Ph.D. (Philosophy) from the University of California, Berkeley. His research interests are in ancient metaphysics, natural science and psychology, especially in Aristotle. He also maintains broad interests in contemporary analytic philosophy. Website
benevichmusaph Fedor Benevich completed his B.A. in Byzantine and Greek studies at St. Petersburg State University and received in 2013 his M.A. in Islamic Studies at the Universität Tübingen. In 2016, he defended his PhD in philosophy and Islamic studies at LMU Munich. His interests lie in the philosophy of late antiquity and of the Arabic Islamic World, especially in metaphysics and epistemology. Currently, he is working in the DFG-funded research project “The Heirs of Avicenna: Philosophy in the Islamic East from the 12th to the 13th Century". Website
bruellmannmusaph Philipp Brüllmann studied Philosophy and Musicology in Tübingen and did his doctoral work at HU-Berlin. A book based on his dissertation, “Die Theorie des Guten in Aristoteles’ Nikomachischer Ethik” has recently been published. His research focus is on ancient ethics (especially Aristotle and Stoicism) and its relationship to modern moral philosophy. In this context, he is particularly interested in the connections between ethics and other parts of philosophy. In addition, he is working on naturalism in contemporary ethics. Another field of interest is the philosophy of music. Website
castellimusaph Laura M. Castelli studied Music in Como and Philosophy in Pisa, Tübingen and Oxford. She received her piano diploma from the Conservatoire of Novara in 2001 and her doctorate in Philosophy from the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa in 2008. Before joining MUSAPh in 2012 as a Humboldt postdoctoral fellow, she worked at the Scuola Normale and the University of Oxford (Exeter College and Christ Church, Faculty of Philosophy). She is currently working on a project of research sponsored by the DFG on the Topics and Analytics in the Peripatetic tradition. She is the author of various publications on Aristotle, Plato and the history of Aristotelianism, including Aristotle, Metaphysics Iota. Introduction, translation and notes, in preparation for Clarendon Press. Her main research interests are in metaphysics and logic. For further details on publications and a full CV, see her website.
antoniomusaphklein Antonio Ferro received his M.A. degree in Philosophy from the University of Bologna. After one year as a graduate student at TOPOI (HU Berlin), he became a wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter at the LMU, where he completed his PhD thesis on self-motion in Aristotle's De Anima, Physics VIII and De Motu Animalium. He also spent a term as a recognised student at Oxford. His research interests range from Plato’s metaphysics, Aristotle’s natural philosophy and Stoic logic to analytic philosophy of language, proof theory, formal semantics, and philosophy of logic. He has authored a monograph on Plato’s theory of predication in the Sophist (Bologna, 2011) and has been working for many years on an annotated Italian translation of Aristotle’s De Anima (under contract with Laterza). Website
hansberger_musaph Rotraud Hansberger studied in Münster, Saarbrücken and Oxford. She obtained her doctorate at the University of Oxford with a thesis on the Arabic adaptation of Aristotle’s Parva Naturalia. After that, she held a Research Fellowship at King’s College, Cambridge, followed by a position as a Research Associate at King’s College, London, where she was linked to the Leverhulme-funded project ‘Natural Philosophy in the Islamic World’. Her main areas of research are the Graeco-Arabic transmission and medieval Arabic philosophy, with particular interests in philosophical psychology and ethics. Website
isepymusaph Peter Isépy is Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter at the Classics Department (Chair of Greek Philology I, Prof. O. Primavesi). After his studies in Classics and Greek Palaeography in Munich and Rome he obtained his PhD in 2013 at the LMU Munich with a study on the Medieval Latin tradition of Aristotle’s De motu animalium and its importance for the Greek text. After that, he held a Postdoctoral Fellowship from the Fritz Thyssen Foundation. Currently he is writing his habilitation thesis on the originally iambic Chrestomatheiai of Helladios (4th c. AD), which are only transmitted through a prose epitome in Photios’s Bibliotheke (cap. 279). His main areas of research are the textual tradition of Aristotle, wisdom literature and lexica of late antiquity, and Greek manuscript studies. Website
pfeiffermusaph Christian Pfeiffer studied Philosophy and Ancient Greek at the Humboldt Universität, the Freie Universität in Berlin and the University of Edinburgh. He received his Magister Artium in 2008. For his Ph.D he studied, as a fellow of TOPOI, at the Humboldt-University of Berlin and, as a visiting student, in Princeton. His Ph.D thesis "Aristotle's Theory of Bodies” (2012) is under contract with Oxford University Press. His research interests are in ancient philosophy, in particular Aristotle. He is also interested in contemporary metaphysics and philosophy of language. Current Research Projects include a monograph on Aristotle’s Metaphysics H as well as series of articles connected to topics in Aristotle’s Physics and Metaphysics. For more information (including recent and forthcoming publications) see his Website
prapamusaph Christina Prapa studied Greek Philology (ancient, byzantine, modern) and Linguistics in Athens and Berlin and received an M.A. in Classics with a thesis „The term hēdonē (ἡδονή) in Plato’s Laws and Aristotle’s Poetics”. With fellowships from the DAAD and the Onassis Foundation, she completed doctoral studies (Athens, HU-Berlin) with a dissertation on Ptolemy’s Geographike Hyphegesis III (historical elements, textual transmission, scholia). She has worked on the transmission of diagrams in manuscripts of Aristotle’s natural philosophy (TOPOI Berlin) and on the textual transmission of Aristotle’s Metaphysics and De motu animalium at the Aristoteles-Archiv (FU, Berlin). Since October 2014 she is Akademische Rätin at the LMU (Classics / O. Primavesi). Currently she is working on the new edition of De motu animalium by O. Primavesi, contributing various chapters to a new editio maior. Website
AvL2 2 Annika v. Lüpke studied philosophy, history and education in Berlin, Valparaiso, Munich and Chicago. Upon completing the Staatsexamen at the Humboldt-Universität in Berlin (Thesis: Childhood in Aristophanes) she worked as a research assistant for the Excellence Cluster „Topoi: The Formation and Transformation of Space and Knowledge in Ancient Civilizations" in Berlin and at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität in Munich (Chair: Prof. Christof Rapp). Since 2013, she has held a position in the DFG Research Group „The Role of Nature in Conceptualizing Political Order: Ancient – Medieval – Early Modern“. Since obtaining her doctorate, she is now working on education in ancient Greek. Her primary research interests are in ancient Greek philosophy and literature, political philosophy, ethics and education.

Graduate Students

bergamo musaph Max Bergamo received his B.A. in Classics from the University of Padova in July 2013, with a thesis on the presence of Heraclitus in Plotinus, and his M.A. in Classics from the same university in September 2015, with a work entitled “Heraclitus in the Stoic Tradition: A History of Research and Critical Perspectives”. At the same time he studied at the Scuola Galileiana di Studi Superiori. His dissertation, under the supervision of Oliver Primavesi, aims to collect and evaluate the Stoic testimonies regarding Heraclitus. His interests range from the history of ancient philosophy and its tradition, both in the Arabic world and in modern philosophy (e.g. Nietzsche), to classical philology. He has published the correspondence between G. Vitelli and R. Pfeiffer, revolving around Callimachus’ papyri («Atene e Roma» VII/3-4, 2013).
dadikhuda musaph Davlat Dadikhuda studied philosophy and Islamic studies at the University of Toronto and McGill, where he did his BA and MA respectively. His interests are mainly in Arabic philosophy - with a special focus on Avicenna and the post-Avicennian tradition - as well contemporary philosophy. Currently, he is writing his PhD on Fakhr al-Din Razi’s and Nasir al-Din Tusi’s critical engagement with Avicenna’s philosophy of mind in the psychology of the Isharat under the supervision of Peter Adamson.
fluegelmusaph Katja Flügel studied philosophy and ancient greek at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. She received her Magister Artium in 2010 (Thesis: Das Verhältnis der Charaktere Theophrasts zu den ethischen Schriften und der Rhetorik des Aristoteles). Since 2010, she has been working as a teaching assistant in the Department of Philosophy at the LMU and writing her dissertation on the theory of Lexis in Aristotle and Theophrastus. Her research interests are in Peripatetic and Hellenistic Ethics and Rhetoric. Website
jongreig Jonathan Greig studied at Thomas Aquinas College in California, receiving a BA in Liberal Arts in 2010, and he also studied at the University of Edinburgh, receiving an MSc in Ancient Philosophy in 2013, as well as an MSc by Research in Philosophy in 2014. Jonathan is currently doing doctoral research under Peter Adamson in late Neoplatonic metaphysics, with a focus on the first principle's transcendence and immanence as a factor in the latter's causality between Proclus, Damascius, and Pseudo-Dionysius. In addition, Jonathan is interested in metaphysics, Aristotle, ancient commentary tradition, and Aristotelian/Neoplatonic influences in Byzantine and Latin thought.
hernermusaph Máté Herner received his B.A. and M.A. in Budapest, in classics and philosophy from ELTE and in philosophy from CEU respectively, working primarily on metaphysics, psychology and cosmology in early Greek thought, as well as topics in contemporary philosophy of mind. For his dissertation project, he is working on soul as a cosmological concept in Plato’s late works and its connection to conceptualisations of the cosmos in biological terms in the Presocratics and medical theory.
marilu Marilù Papandreou received in May 2014 her M.A. degree in the History of Ancient Philosophy from the University of Milan, with a thesis on the notion of artefacta in Aristotle’s Physics and Metaphysics. In October 2014 she moved to MUSAΦ as a doctoral student. Her Ph.D. thesis concerns the ontological and epistemological status of artifacts in Aristotle. Her research interests are ancient natural philosophy, epistemology and metaphysics, theory of substance and theory of definition, especially in Aristotle. She is also interested in the relation between Plato’s and Aristotle’s theories of knowledge and those of contemporary philosophy.
fabianruge Fabian Ruge received his B.A. in Philosophy and Latin from Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg in September 2015, with a thesis on Stoic determinism in Cicero's De Fato, and his M.A. in Philosophy from Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin in October 2017, with a thesis on perception in Stoic epistemology. He joined MUSAΦ as a PhD student in November 2017. His interests include Stoic philosophy, Academic and Pyrrhonian Scepticism, as well as contemporary epistemology. His project deals with the notions of sign and proof in Stoic logic and epistemology.
somma musaph Bethany Somma received a B.A. in Classics and Philosophy from Belmont University in 2011. She completed a four-year doctoral teaching assistantship in the Philosophy Department at Duquesne University before joining MUSAΦ in 2015. Her philosophical interest lies broadly in Neoplatonic psychology and ethics, in both Greek and Arabic traditions. Her dissertation concerns non-rational aspects of philosophical activity, specifically in the transmission and evolution of Neoplatonic thought in Andalusian philosophy.
tolkhien musaph Niels Tolkiehn studied at Hamburg University and received the Magister Artium in Philosophy and Systematic Musicology in 2014 with a thesis on Aristotle's Metaphysics Zeta 17. He has a broad interest in metaphysics ranging from the Presocratics and especially Plato and Aristotle to contemporary thinkers. In October 2015 he moved to Munich to work on his doctoral thesis, supervised by Christof Rapp, on the priority of rigidity in Aristotle's metaphysical framework. His research interests are especially focused on methodological issues in Aristotle´s physical and metaphysical works.
trentini musaph Sirio Trentini - In my graduate studies at the Sapienza University (Rome, Italy) I specialized in Philosophy and wrote my Master’s thesis on Anaximander of Miletus. I maintain a broad interest in the history of metaphysics from the Presocratics to contemporary philosophy. My research field is ancient philosophy from the Ionians to Aristotle, and stretches to the reception of Aristotle in the late Antiquity and in the Middle Ages. My secondary study interests are Arabic language, classical philology and German philosophical historiography of the Nineteenth century. My PhD project concerns the concept of steresis (privation) in Aristotle’s thought.
vogiatzi Melpomeni Vogiatzi studied at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, where she received her BA in Classics in June 2011 and her MA in History of Philosophy in October 2013 (Thesis: “Aristotle's De anima A: Translation and Commentary”). She is currently writing her dissertation on the ancient commentaries on Aristotle's Rhetoric at LMU under the supervision of Christof Rapp. Her research interests are in ancient theories of soul and the reception of Aristotle in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

Previous Faculty, Researchers, Graduate Students, and Visitors

Cordula Bachmann

Nicola Carraro

Alan Code

Diego Diana

Matteo DiGiovanni

Mirjam Engert Kotwick

Chiara Ferrella

Gabriele Galluzzo

Pieter Sjoerd Hasper

Mareike Jas

George Karamanolis

Andreas Lammer

Beatrice Lienemann

Charlotte Murgier

Christopher Noble

Sebastian Odzuck